(“No threat of wastewater discharge”- CSIR-CLRI)
New Delhi- The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), striking a paradigm shift to the leather industry, showcased its theme-based presentation on ‘Leather’ at CSIR Platinum Jubilee Technofest at 36th India International Trade Fair (IITF), Pragati Maidan. The theme pavilion on ‘Leather’ showcased various leather technologies and exhibits speaking very high about technological advancements in the leather industry. Dr. D. B. Chandrasekaran, Director, CSIR-CLRI welcomed the delegates at a round table panel discussion moderated by Dr. T. Ramasami, Former DG-CSIR/Former Director, CSIR-CLRI who gave an overview of the futuristic technologies to boost the leather industry.
The panel discussion focused on two major technologies developed by CSIR-CLRI. The lab will be developing affordable sports footwear of international brand caliber. This initiative is taken after the Prime Minister Narendra Modi asked the scientists to manufacture affordable sport shoes at CSIR Platinum Jubilee Foundation Day Celebration at Vigyan Bhawan, on 26th September this year. The panelists discussed the scope and plan for its launch within three years from now. Mr. Puran Dawar, Regional Chairman, CLE, said, “Product innovation in footwear sector is necessary.”
Waterless Chromium Technology developed by CSIR-CLRI has revolutionized the Indian leather industry.
Dr. Nishad Fahima, Principal Scientist, CSIR-CLRI said, “It (Waterless Chromium Technology) has dismantled the 150 Year long process of using water in the tannery industries. It has benefitted the environment, as no water is used in the technology; the risk of wastewater discharge and pollution is zero.” This technology outreached globally. “CSIR-CLRI has transferred this technology to Ethiopia and few European countries.” she added.
The ‘Leather’ pavilion intensively exhibited 10-12 samples of leathers, handcrafted footwear and bags that attracted the visitors. CSIR-CLRI also emphasized on ‘sustainable environmental management’ that reduces greenhouse gases by 50% and sludge generation by 80%. The exhibits showed CSIR initiative on ‘Wealth from Waste’, an initiative by the lab to produce fabric and products from leather waste and biomaterial waste. CSIR-CLRI is also acting as a fashion niche to the Indian leather world as it is manufacturing fashionable apparels made of leather. Products based on chicken feet-skin, fish skin and ostrich skin have been developed by CSIR-CLRI.
The panel discussion was later addressed by Mr. Habib Hussain, Chairman, Leather Sector Skill Council who talked about untapped opportunities and research on materials.
Science-based activities were organized for the school students organized by CSIR-IICB & CSIR-IGIB. It was followed by a quiz contest, live science demonstration and public talk.
The day embraced MoU signing between CSIR and Punjab Leather Federation. Aound 15 tanners signed for the technology transfer. Lt. Col. Paul, President, Punjab Leather Federation, was present at the event and expressed gratitude towards the lab on the occasion of the MoU signing.
The pavilion of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research(CSIR)’s adjudged First (Gold Medal) for excellence in display in the category, ‘Ministries & Departments’at the 36th India International Trade Fair (IITF) which concluded here on Sunday.
The Gold medal was presented by the India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO) Chairman, Mr. L.C. Mittal.1
Dr.GirishSahni, Director General, CSIR said: “Getting recognized for what CSIR is doing is indeed exciting. Everything happened because of the hard work put in by the entire CSIR family. The outcome of the last 75 year journeyof the organization was on display and people liked it. We tried to portray our technologies in an aesthetically appealing way and we succeeded, as we stood first. This will boost us to continue the good work in the future.”
Talking about the mission and vision of CSIR,he added: “A number of projects are in the pipeline to take our mission projects further. More than 10 projects are being undertaken, including menthol mint production, enabling leather industry and new improved high-yield crop varieties for farmers which will increase their incomes. ”
After receiving the award, Dr. Daljit Singh Bedi, Head USD and Coordinator of CSIR Platinum Jubilee Technofest expressed satisfaction, saying it was the most appropriate recognition of the teamwork of CSIR, depicting its contribution to the nation in its journey of more than seven decades in the most effective manner.”
The Technofestkicked-off on November 14 and each day was dedicated to different themes on various technologies, innovation and products developed by the CSIR laboratories. A total of 14 theme-based pavilionswere set up in the Technofest. Beginning with the theme of ‘Aerospace & Strategic sector’, the event witnessed other theme-based activities focusing on ‘Generics & Healthcare’, ‘Engineering & Infrastructure’, ‘Energy’ and ‘Leather’, Mining, Minerals & Materials, Chemicals & Petrochemicals, ‘Ecology & Environment’, ‘Water’, ‘Agriculture & Floriculture’, ‘Food & Nutrition’, ‘CSIR for Societal Interventions’, CSIR 800 and IP and Entrepreneurship.
The Technofest received a widespread applause and appreciation as it warmly got maximum footfall on Sunday, the last day of the 36th Trade Fair.
“This is an extraordinary effort by such a premier institution. This is a golden opportunity to experience the inventions by the pioneer scientists of our nation and CSIR. We hope to see such initiatives every year,’’ a visitor said.
For the commercial launch of the latest technologies by CSIR, 45MoUswere signed with the industrial partners. More than 150 S&T presentations were made by CSIR professionals and its industrial partners. Several panel discussions session were held during the course of the event. The mission mode technologies and innovations are ready to being transferred in the future.
CSIR, with its motto of ‘Touching Lives’, is leaving a remarkable imprint upon its technology partners and technology users.
It proposes to encapsulate a scientist’s performance into a single equation
A controversial proposal to grade the performance of CSIR scientists is expected to be soon cleared by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, who is also the president of The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), which is India’s largest chain of publicly-funded research laboratories.
“It just needs to be signed by the PM and cleared by the governing body and will soon be implemented,” Girish Sahni, Director-General, CSIR, told The Hindu . The new appraisal system will reduce the importance to research publications and gives greater weight to developing products as also scientists who have successfully collaborated with industry and been part of teams to develop marketable products.
The new system proposes to encapsulate a scientist’s performance into a single equation and is a departure from the existing format of having scientists internally evaluated by their peers.
The 75-year-old CSIR has a large network of 38 laboratories spread across the country that are involved in a wide range of research from battery technology and genomics to glass-making.
Over the years, the Council has emerged as India’s biggest publisher of research papers as well as the largest patentee, though only a fraction of these have been become commercial products.
The Hindu spoke to several scientists at various levels across labs on the new grading process. Several, on condition of anonymity, expressed apprehensions, with one saying that reducing scientists’ performance to an equation was “irrational.”
That was because different CSIR labs had different mandates: some were focussed at looking for drugs, some for testing if potential drugs were safe or could be made more efficient and still others were geared towards making low-cost products that weren’t necessarily marketable but had great societal impact. “All of these were equally important and reducing this complexity to a single equation or a single score is unfair,” a senior scientist told The Hindu . A key point under discussion is how much of a relative weightage ought to be given to products and technology development. “From lab to lab, there are concerns that it could be as high as 70 per cent,” a director of the lab told The Hindu . “That has got some scientists concerned.”
How will a driver react when a pedestrian suddenly crosses her way, what is her anxiety or tolerance level, her judgement of speed and distance, her visual power and other psychomotor skills when driving in Indian traffic conditions and potholed/bad roads? A Customised Car Driving Simulator will now let you know the behaviour of an experienced driver or an amateur driver.
The Customised Car Driving Simulator helps in familiarising the driver or learner driver with vehicle controls, its operations, such as steering control, gear change for manual transmission, progression in various driving conditions.
The Central Road Research Institute (CRRI), a prestigious lab under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has developed the simulator to cut down road mishaps- presently 1,214 crashes occur daily on Indian roads.
In a simulator room, the learner driver will also learn lane discipline and how to meet and pass other vehicles before they get into a real car and manoeuvre through traffic.
“This is the first of its kind simulator developed in the country which will serve as a safe medicine for the drivers as well as the commuters on the road. The simulators play an important as it contains various modules for the assessment of the driving skills across varying terrains and weather conditions,” said Dr Neelima Chakraborty , senior principal scientist, who introduced the psychomotor testing module in the software.
“The test will be helpful to highlight which type of training is required for a particular driver,” she said adding that RTOs and vehicle driving schools can implement the gadget.
On Wednesday, the CRRI signed MoU with Gurgaon-based Faros Simulators Pvt Ltd which has fabricated the simulators, for its commercial implementation in the country.
The simulator has necessary accessories including steering, accelerator, clutch, and gear box and brakes, besides a 135 degree screen display which gives the real feel of actual road environment with realistic Indian road infrastructure.
Chakraborty said that the Supreme Court appointed Road Safety Committee has already given go ahead to the simulators. “We are in the process of talks with the RTOs to launch a pilot project.”
The simulator can be mounted in any vehicle body, said Bharat Kapoor, Executive Director of the Faros Simulators.
Kapoor explained that the three panels, which display the road conditions with background, cover 135 degrees of vision, much like a car’s windscreen. The vehicle meanwhile, has all the usual fixtures like an accelerator brake pedal and clutch as well as gear shift, rear-view, side-vi ew mirrors and other display like a regular car.
From healthy goodies —banana toffee, chocolates, plant nutrients-based carbonated fruit juices and Omega 3 enriched ice creams — to low cost housing technologies and 3D printed prototypes used for the design and validation of various aerospace components in the high-tech sector: These and many other technical research and innovation that has made the life of the common man easy are being showcased at the mega expo Technofest 2016 here.
The mega show has been organized by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) which is celebrating its Platinum Jubilee this year.
Union Science and Technology Minister Harshvardhan, who inaugurated the Technofest 2016 at Hall No 12 A at Pragati Maidan on Monday, said that it is a golden opportunity for the students, researchers, scientists, business man and a common man to witness science innovation and researches being conducted by the 38 laboratories of the CSIR located across the country under one roof here.
“The entire history and contribution of the scientists from the CSIR since its inception 75 years ago can be seen through this window created in the IITF, 2016,” added CSIR DG Girish Sahini adding that all the labs in one or another way has taken efforts to make the life of the common man easy.
Apart from 14 theme-based information panels highlighting the science and the technology components of major CSIR contributions, informative exhibits including demonstrable models are the highlights at the Technofest 2016.
For science enthusiast kids, their are science quiz and demonstrations, while the pavallion has a lot to offer for the startups as well the industry.
If carbonated beverages based on grape, sugarcane, pomegranate and sweet lime and anti-obesity oils and quinoa based chocolates have been developed by the Mysuru-based Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), the Lucknow based National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI) has exhibited anti-diabetic products and other health related innovations.
A brand of tea, Tea wine, which has a 7-12 per cent alcohol content by volume, which has been exhibited by the Himachal Pradesh-based Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT) has been a center of query among many of its other herbal products catering pharmaceutical, cosmetic, food, and plant industries.
CFTRI senior scientist Dr Malathi, who has worked on a project to develop an indigenous variety of two highly nutritious (grain crops Chia( rich in omega-3 fatty acid and alpha linolenic acid) and quinoa (high protein content) said that the seeds can be highly beneficial supplements in a country like India that has a large number of malnutrion kids. “We are looking for more tie-ups,” she added.
Lucknow-based Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIAMP) has showcased herbal formulations such as anti-diabetic products, mosquito repellent creams and tobacco free herbal mixture Herbichew.
Other labs which have showcased their researches include National Aerospace Laboratores, and Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (aerospace & strategic sector), central Leather Research Institute (leather), Central Building Research Institute (engineering & Infrastructure), NML (mining, minerals & materials) National Environmental Engineering Research Institute(environment) and National Chemical Laboratories (chemicals & petrochemicals).
कूल्हा प्रत्यारोपण के लिए अब आपको लाखों रपए खर्च नहीं करने पड़ेंगे। आप स्वदेशी तकनीक अपना कर महज कुछ एक हजार रपए में ही कूल्हा प्रत्यारोपण करवा सकते हैं। वैज्ञानिक तथा औद्योगिक अनुसंधान परिषद (सीएसआईआर) ने कूल्हा प्रत्यारोपण में इस्तेमाल होने वाले इंप्लांट कम्पोनेंट (विशेष उपकरण) बनाया है, जिसे महज 30-50 हजार में लगाया जा सकता है, जिस पर मौजूदा समय में डेढ़ लाख से दो लाख का खर्च आता है। सीएसआईआर के स्टाल पर लोगों को कूल्हा प्रत्यारोपण में इस्तेमाल होने वाले उपकरण के बारे में जानकारी दी जा रही है। यहां मौजूद डॉक्टर मिथुन एन दास के अनुसार पिछले 15-18 वर्षों के अधिक थोक के बाद कूल्हा प्रत्यारोपण में इस्तेमाल होने वाला डिवाइस बनाया है। यह टाइटेनियम, पालिइथिलिन और एल्यूमिनियम से बना है। यह 10-30 वर्ष तक काम करता है। सीएसआईआर द्वारा विकसित इस उपकरण की कीमत 30 हजार (10 वर्ष) और 50 हजार (30वर्ष) है। डाक्टर दास के अनुसार यह मटेरियल ऐसा है कि शरीर पूरी तरह से स्वीकार कर लेता है।अभी इसे विदेशों से मंगाया जाता है और 10 वर्ष वाले उपकरण के लिए डेढ़ से दो लाख का खर्च आता है, जबकि 30 वर्ष वाले का खर्च ढाई लाख रपए से अधिक बैठता है। हम यहां लोगों को जागरूक कर रहे हैं कि वह जब कूल्हा प्रत्यारोपण के लिए डॉक्टर के पास जाएं तो वह उन्हें भारत में बने उपकरण को लगाने के लिए कहें। इससे उन्हें कम पैसे में बेहतर इलाज हो सकेगा। सीएसआईआर के इस स्टाल में हेल्थ से जुड़े ढेरो उत्पाद को रखा गया है। वहीं दूसरी ओर हॉल संख्या 14 के इनोवेशन पेवेलियन में पेशे से ऑटोमोबाइल युवा इंजीनियर केशव रॉय ने एक ऐसा डिवाइस तैयार किया है जो महज पांच सेकेंड में बाइक को ढंक देता है और पांस सेकेंड में ही वापस डिवाइस में फोल्ड हो जाता है।
द सहारा न्यूज ब्यूरोनई दिल्ली।